17 villages are classified as ‘Grand Cru’ or the best sites
Only vineyard owners with all their land in one or several ‘grands crus’ villages can put this on the label.
They are as follows: Ambonnay, Avize, Ay, Beaumont-sur-Vesle, Bouzy, Chouilly, Cramant, Louvois, Mailly-Champagne, Le Mesnil-sur-Oger, Oger, Oiry, Puisieulx, Sillery, Tours-sur-Marne, Verzenay and Verzy.
The ranking is based on strict criteria such as sub-soil, slope and aspect.
44 village communes are classified as ‘premier cru’ or first growth
Only vineyard owners with all their land in one or several ‘premiers crus’ villages can put this on the bottle.
They are: Avenay, Bergères-les-Vertus, Bezannes, Billy le Grand, Bisseuil, Chamery, Champillon, Chigny les Roses, Chouilly (PN), Coligny (CH), Cormontreuil, Coulommes la Montagne, Cuis, Cumières, Dizy, Ecueil, Etrechy (CH), Grauves, Hautvillers, Jouy les Reims, Les Mesneus, Ludes, Mareuil sur Aÿ, Montbré, Mutigny, Pargny les Reims, Pierry, Rilly la Montagne, Sacy, Sermiers, Taissy, Tauxières, Tours-sur-Marne (CH), Trépail, Trois Puits, Vaudemanges, Vertus, Villedommange, Villeneuve Renneville, Villers Allerand, Villers aux Noeuds, Villers Marmery, Voipreux and Vrigny.
PN = Pinot Noir - CH = Chardonnay
255 villages aren’t classified by name, which is widely used.
The result of this ranking is the market value of grapes grown in each village based on their quality.
In terms of the basic price agreed for the whole of Champagne, the actual price per kilo is fixed between 80 and 89% of the base price for unclassified grapes, between 90 and 99% for ‘Premiers Crus’ and at 100% for ‘Grands Crus’.