Today, the vineyards cover 1850 hectares with six AOC areas:
Arbois, the first AOC set up (15th May 1936), and Arbois-Pupillin: dry whites, rosés, reds, ‘jaune’ or yellow wine (see below) and sparkling.
Côtes du Jura: whites, whites ‘typical of the area’, rosés, reds, ‘vin jaune’, sweet ‘vins de paille’ (made from dried grapes – see below), ‘macvin’ (wine liqueur – see below), sparkling and ‘Marc du Jura’ (grape must based spirit).
L'Etoile: white, ‘jaune’ and sparkling wines.
Château-Chalon just ‘vin jaune’.
Crémant-du-jura (their sparkling wine)
Macvin du Jura
The five Jura grape varieties are: Trousseau, Poulsard, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Savagnin.
Vin jaune or ‘yellow wine’
Picked very late (after All Saints Day, 1st November), the grapes (Savagnin variety) are pressed and slowly fermented, then the wine is aged in 228 litre oak casks for at least 6 years and 3 months without racking or ullage. A film of yeast grows on the surface protecting the wine from the air and hence oxidation. In these conditions it forms complex aromas and is bottled after ageing. The bottles are unique, holding 62cl (the missing 38cl from a litre make up ‘la part des anges’, or angels’ share, which evaporates during six years ageing); they’re called ‘clavelins.’ It keeps for a long time; several centuries even. Open it 24 hours before drinking, and taste at 14 – 16°C.
Vin de paille or ‘straw wine’
It’s made from grapes picked very ripe (Savagnin, Chardonnay, Poulsard), dried out for at least six weeks on straw mats (just like at Stéphane Tissot’s) or on chalk or hung up. This technique concentrates the sugars. After pressing, a slow fermentation gives a sweet wine with between 14.5° and 17° alcohol. It’s aged for 3 years in small barrels.
A mix of 2/3 grape must and one third ‘marc’ (grape spirit) is aged for at least 12 months in oak. It has between 16° and 22° alcohol.
Comité Interprofessionnel des Vins d'Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée du Jura – CIVJ (cross-regional producers’ body)
La route des vins du Jura (Jura wine route)
Places of interest and what’s-on
The Vine and Wine Museum
Château d'Arlay, the oldest chateau with vineyard in France
La percée du Vin Jaune (launch, literally breakout or breakthrough)